Ventricular Dysfunction in the Case of the Sever Fetal Aortic Stenosis – the Role of Speckle-tracking

DOI: 10.2478/jce-2019-0016


Congenital aortic stenosis (AS) occurs in around 0.2–0.5% of newborns, and its clinical severity is quite variable. Some of the newborns with AS require urgent medical care: prostaglandin infusion, balloon aortic valvuloplasty, or surgical intervention. Despite having a severe clinical evolution in neonates, the prenatal diagnosis of congenital AS is quite low. We present the case of a fetus with critical AS, who had been prenatally diagnosed at 35 weeks of gestation, via fetal cardiac ultrasound. The echocardiographic parameters revealed a severely depressed left ventricular systolic function, with dilated chambers, with a severe aortic stenosis. Offline speckle-tracking analysis was performed in order to aid in deciding the optimal methods and timing of delivery. Left ventricular analysis revealed a severely impaired global longitudinal strain of 2.1%, LVEF 18.4%, increased LV volumes, while the right ventricular function was only mildly depressed. Therefore, the decision was to delay the premature delivery, and the fetus was born at a gestational age of 38 weeks, in a hospital with a neonatal cardiovascular surgery department. The patient had undergone surgical repair of the cardiac anomaly at 3 days after birth.