Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Cardiovascular Emergencies – Status Quo and Outlook

DOI: 10.2478/jce-2023-0019


Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death, with many lives being affected by critical emergencies like heart attacks, strokes, and other acute conditions. Recognizing the early warning signs is crucial for highlighting the need for immediate medical attention, especially since a quick intervention may significantly improve short and long-term patient outcome. Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a key technology in healthcare, and especially in the cardiovascular field. AI, and in particular deep learning is well suited for automatically analyzing medical images, signals, and data. Its success rests on the availability of large amounts of curated data, and the access to high performance computing infrastructures for training the deep-learning algorithms. Thus, in cardiovascular care, AI plays a dynamic role in disease detection, predicting disease outcome, and guiding treatment decisions. This review paper details and discusses the current role of AI for the most common cardiovascular emergencies. It provides insight into the specific issues, risk factors, different subtypes of the diseases, and algorithms developed to date, followed by an outlook.