Monitoring Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated with Cardiogenic Shock — from the Emergency Room to Coronary Care Units

DOI: 10.1515/jce-2017-0013


Cardiogenic shock remains the leading cause of death in patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction, despite many advances encountered in the last years in reperfusion, mechanical, and pharmacological therapies addressed to stabilization of the hemodynamic condition of these critical patients. Such patients require immediate initiation of the most effective therapy, as well as a continuous monitoring in the Coronary Care Unit. Novel biomarkers have been shown to improve diagnosis and risk stratification in patients with cardiogenic shock, and their proper use may be especially important for the identification of the critical condition, leading to prompt therapeutic interventions. The aim of this review was to evaluate the current literature data on complex biomarker assessment and monitoring of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated with cardiogenic shock in the Coronary Care Unit.